# Limit and continuity | Learn Maths Online

## Limit and continuity

Limit of a function f(x) is said to exist as,  when

finite quantity.

### Fundamental Theorems On Limit and continuity :

Let    &     If l & m exists then :

(i) f (x) ± g (x) = l ± m

(ii) f(x). g(x) = l. m

(iii)   provided

(iv)    where k is a constant.

(v)   provided f is continuous at        g (x) = m

### Standard Limit and continuity  :

(a)  and Where x is measured in radians

(b)  both are equal to e

(c) then this will show that

(d)  and   (a finite quantity) then

where z=

(e)  where a>0. In particular

### Indeterminant Forms Limit and continuity

etc are considered to be indeterminant values

We cannot plot    on the paper. Infinity  is a symbol & not a number. It does not obey the laws of elementary algebra.

+=

×

(a/) = 0 if a is finite and denominator is not defined

Also READ this-  How To Solve Limit Problems

a b =0,if & only if a = 0 or b = 0  and  a & b are finite.

Expansion of function like Binomial expansion, exponential & logarithmic expansion, expansion of sinx , cosx , tanx should be remembered by heart & are given below:

(i)  ex =1+x/1!+x3/3!+x4/4!……

(ii)  ax=1+(xloga)/1!+ (xloga)2/2!+ (xloga)3/3!+ (xloga)4/4!+……….where a > 0

(iii)   ln(1-x)=x-x2/2+x3/3-x4/4……….    where -1 < x  1

(iv)  ln(1-x)=-x-x2/2-x3/3-x4/4……….     where  -1 x < 1

(v )

(vi)

(v)

In the next post on Limit and continuity, IB Maths Tutors will discuss various types of limit problems, their solutions and L’ Hospital’s rule. In the meantime, you can solve these basic questions from this PDF. This PDF is for beginners only. Our Online Maths Tutors will post difficult and higher level questions in the next post on this topic

### http://ibelitetutor.com/blog/how-to-solve-limit-problems/

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Also READ this-  Indefinite Integration-Topics in IB Mathematics