## Limit and continuity

Here are some limits & continuity ttips by our IB Maths Tutors

**Limit of a function f(x) is said to exist as, ** **when**

**finite quantity.**

**Fundamental Theorems On Limit and continuity :**

Let & If *l* & m exists then :

(i) f (x) ± g (x) = l ± m

(ii) f(x). g(x) = l. m

(iii) provided

(iv) where k is a constant.

(v) provided f is continuous at g (x) = m

**Standard Limit and continuity ** :

(a) and Where x is measured in radians

(b) both are equal to e

(c) then this will show that

(d) and (a finite quantity) then

where z=

(e) where a>0. In particular

**Indeterminant Forms Limit and continuity **

etc are considered to be indeterminant values

We cannot plot on the paper. Infinity is a symbol & not a number. It does not obey the laws of elementary algebra.

+=

×=

(a/) = 0 if a is finite and denominator is not defined

a b =0,if & only if a = 0 or b = 0 and a & b are finite.

Expansion of function like **Binomial expansion**, **exponential** & **logarithmic expansion**, expansion of sinx , cosx , tanx should be remembered by heart & are given below:

**(i)** ** e ^{x} =1+x/1!+x^{3}/3!+x^{4}/4!……**

**(ii) a ^{x}=1+(xloga)/1!+ (xloga)^{2}/2!+ (xloga)^{3}/3!+ (xloga)^{4}/4!+……….**where a > 0

**(iii) ln(1-x)=x-x ^{2}/2+x^{3}/3-x^{4}/4………. where -1 < x 1**

**(iv) ln(1-x)=-x-x ^{2}/2-x^{3}/3-x^{4}/4………. where -1 x < 1**

**(v ) **

**(vi) **

**(v)**

In the next post on Limit and continuity,** IB Maths Tutors** will discuss various types of limit problems, their solutions, and L’ Hospital’s rule. In the meantime, you can solve these basic questions from this PDF. This PDF is for beginners only. Our **Online** **Maths Tutors** will post difficult and higher-level questions in the next post on this topic